Kente Cloth: The Traditional Patterns of West Africa

Kente Cloth

Photo © The Trustees of the British Museum. Kente cloth is woven cloth in a particular kind of design which is popular in Africa, and often used in some form as a representation of African culture.

The history of Kente cloth

It first originated in Gahna, from the Akan or Ashanti people. The word Kente originates from these people and is the word for basket - which are woven in a similar way to how people weave the Kente cloth.

Around 400 years ago it was first woven with brightly coloured silks which had been brought over to Africa by Portugese traders. Because it was so expensive, it was only worn by Royalty.

Photo © The Trustees of the British Museum.

Today, the cloth is woven from all sorts of other materials but if a new pattern is created, there is still a tradition that it is offered to the Royal Family first - only if they reject it can it then be used and worn by the common man.

The cloth is worn by both men and women, usually on special occasions such as weddings or festivals. The patterns and colours are different according to gender, status and region in Africa and all have different meanings.

What the colours in Kente cloth symbolise

All of the colours on the Kente cloth represents something.

Black: Maturity

Red: Death or Violence

White: Purity

Green: Energy and Growth, Harvest

Blue: Love and Peace

Yellow: Wealth, Royalty, Prosperity

Purple: Feminine, Calm, Sweet

Silver: Joy or Bliss

Grey: Healing or Cleansing

Maroon: Mother Earth

What colours would you choose for your very own Kente cloth?

Photo ZSM, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

The patterns also have meanings. You can find out more about what the different patterns mean here.

Usually Kente cloth is made by men and is a skill passed down through family generations. The cloth is typically woven in strips and then the strips are sewn together to make a whole piece a bit like a shawl. This shawl type garment is called ntoma and is worn by the Chiefs and Queen Mothers during ceremonial occasions. The designs also represent family units or ‘clans’.

Stephen Acheampong, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons

The Mayor Of Luton. Maria Lovell is an Ashanti Queen Mother and is shown here in her ceremonial Kente shawl.

What colours can you see? What do they represent?

Find out more about what it means to be an Ashanti Queen Mother here.

Here is a special message for us from Maria Lovell, Ahanti Queen Mother and Mayor of Luton:

Greetings from the King , Queen Mother & Elders from Bonwire Ghana, the home of the rich Kente cloth

Akwaaba to our Black History Season 2020

Another season to bring hope, strength and renewed energy for all of us as we proudly share our Black history and cultural heritage A time also to reflect on the difficult months of the pandemic we have come through and an uncertain future But let's look at the vibrant colours of the royal kente cloth like the beautiful rainbow colours, a symbol of beauty, hope and creative ingenuity to unite all of us regardless of race, religion and gender to bring all of us together and the need for unity in diversity as One people to share our history and heritage. 


HRH Nana Abena Asantewaa I Maria Lovell

Mayor of Luton

Why not celebrate Black History month and try to design your very own Kente cloth pattern and colour it in with colours that fit with you and your family?

We also have here a few colouring sheet of a Kente cloth pattern you can download and colour in.

This one you can use to create your own pattern. Print out a few copies, cut them out and stick them onto a new sheet of paper in a pattern of your own choosing.

We would love to see your creations, please share them on social media and tag us in!


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